Preventing falls in home care
By 護理部 | September, 2020
To provide a safe home environment and protective measures to prevent falls.
High-risk group for falls
In the assessment, the following are high-risk groups that are prone to falls.
- Unsteadiness in walking (dizziness, weakness) or using assistive devices
- With visual impairment affecting life functions
- Taking sedative, sleep medication, antihypertensive drugs or hypoglycemic drugs
- Confused or restless
- Had a fall
- No regular caregiver or poor functioning
- Changes in bowel habits: frequent urination, incontinence
High frequency places to fall at home
How to prevent falls at home and points to note
- Layout and view of the home environment:Keep the room brightly lit, keep floors and bathrooms free of slippage and potholes, wear non-slip shoes, install proper handrails, clear pathways, non-slip stairs, and maintain proper height of chairs and beds.
- Using of assistive devices: Aids, including bedside rails, crutches, walking aids, wheelchairs, etc., should be provided for the frail to get out of bed and placed in appropriate positions. The caregiver should stay near at all times.
- Exercise Training: Exercise training can reduce the risk of falling, including gait and balance training, muscle strength training, flexibility training, tai chi, strength training, and endurance training.
- Disease control: Watch out for dizziness caused by low blood pressure, blurred vision caused by presbyopia and cataracts, pay attention to the timing of drinking water and do not drink much water before bedtime to avoid nocturia.
- Balanced Diet: Pay attention to what you eat and maintain your nutritional requirements.